On 17th July 1993, Graeme Obree stunned the international cycling world when he emerged from obscurity to smash Francesco Moser’s World Hour Record. A prolific time trialist, Obree briefly held a pro contract but realised his greatest achievements as an underdog while holding amateur status. His innovative bike designs and riding positions were consistently rebuked by the sport's governing bodies.
In the Golden Age of Cycling (both in the US and abroad) Marshall Walter "Major" Taylor (26 November 1878 – 21 June 1932) was an American cyclist who won the world 1 mile (1.6 km) track cycling championship in 1899 after setting numerous world records and overcoming racial discrimination. Taylor was the first Black-American athlete to achieve the level of world champion and only the second black man to win a world championship—after Canadian boxer George Dixon.