Shivaratri is a religious fast kept on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight of the lunar month of Phalgun. Literally, the name means ‘ the night consecrated to Shiva. Shiva is one of the highest gods of the Hindu pantheon, and he is distinguished from the lesser gods by the title of Mahadeva, or ‘ the Great God. He has countless other names corresponding to his countless attributes,
The Five Practices or 'Pancha Kriya' outline the minimal Vedic practices, also known as Pancha Nitya Karmas that parents teach their children in order to nurture future citizens who are strong, secure, responsible, tolerant and traditional and pass the dharma to the next generation.