Bela Bartok (1881-1945) was a Hungarian composer and pianist. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century. Through his collection and analytical study of folk music, he was one of the founders of ethnomusicology.
Franz Liszt (1811-1886) was a virtuoso pianist and best known as a composer of piano works. In later life he took inspiration from writers and poets, pioneered the symphonic poem and new methods of thematic development. His most popular work is the Hungarian Rhapsody No.2.
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849) was born in Poland and settled in France. He was a very skilled pianist, and composed some exquisite music for that instrument. His piano pieces include Preludes, Etudes, Waltzes, Impromptus, Ballades, Nocturnes and Scherzos, as well as Mazurkas and Polonaises based on Polish dance forms.