Alexander the Great faced a formidable Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC.

Alexander the Great faced a formidable Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BC.

Battle of Issus initial deployment - History of Macedonia, the ancient kingdom of Greece

Battle of Issus initial deployment - History of Macedonia, the ancient kingdom of Greece

Dory - Ancient Greek Spear - Dory was the primary weapon of the ancient Greeks. It was a long spear about 3 meters in length consisting of a wood shaft with an iron tip. It was single handed like Xiphos allowing the user to hold the shield in the other hand. Dory enabled the hoplite to keep an enemy at a distance and was effective in phalanx (shield-wall) formation, allowing the first two lines to attack.

Dory - Ancient Greek Spear - Dory was the primary weapon of the ancient Greeks. It was a long spear about 3 meters in length consisting of a wood shaft with an iron tip. It was single handed like Xiphos allowing the user to hold the shield in the other hand. Dory enabled the hoplite to keep an enemy at a distance and was effective in phalanx (shield-wall) formation, allowing the first two lines to attack.

Воини от армията на Александър Македонски/ Alexander the Greats warriors

Воини от армията на Александър Македонски/ Alexander the Greats warriors

Ancient Catapults - Dionysius Repeating Catapult. Most complex catapult invented in ancient times was a repeating weapon designed by Dioysius of Alexandria, who worked in the arsenal at Rhodes. As this detail drawing shows, arrows were fed by gravity from a magazine into the arrow trough by means of a revolving drum that was slotted to...

Ancient Catapults - Dionysius Repeating Catapult. Most complex catapult invented in ancient times was a repeating weapon designed by Dioysius of Alexandria, who worked in the arsenal at Rhodes. As this detail drawing shows, arrows were fed by gravity from a magazine into the arrow trough by means of a revolving drum that was slotted to...

Travels with Alexander the Great - Extract from Alexander Pope's draft translation of Homer's 'The Iliad', with a sketch of the Shield of Achilles. Pope (1688-1744) was the most famous English poet and satirist of his age.

Travels with Alexander the Great - Extract from Alexander Pope's draft translation of Homer's 'The Iliad', with a sketch of the Shield of Achilles. Pope (1688-1744) was the most famous English poet and satirist of his age.

Depiction of the position of the rowers in three different levels (from top: thranitai, zygitai and thalamitai) in a Greek trireme.

Depiction of the position of the rowers in three different levels (from top: thranitai, zygitai and thalamitai) in a Greek trireme.

Athenian trireme, 4th Century BC. French educational card, French School late 19th/early 20th century.

Athenian trireme, 4th Century BC. French educational card, French School late 19th/early 20th century.

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