“Abstract Expressionism was never an ideal label for the movement which grew up in New York in the 1940s and 1950s. … But it has become the most accepted term for a group of artists who did hold much in common. All were committed to an expressive art of profound emotion and universal themes, and most were shaped by the legacy of Surrealism, a movement which they translated into a new style fitted to the post-war mood of anxiety and trauma.” —The Art Story Foundation.
When Modigliani entered into a relationship with the nineteen-year-old Jeanne Hebuterne, his close friends hoped that the serious young woman would inspire Modigliani to curb his excesses. Description from theartstory.org. I searched for this on bing.com/images