Ctesiphon rose to prominence during the Parthian Empire in the 1st century BC, and was the seat of government for most of its rulers. The city was located near Seleucia, the Hellenistic capital. Strabo abundantly describes its foundation:
Hatra, Iraq Hatra was founded by Ancient Arab tribes some time in the 3rd century BCE. A religious and trading centre under the Parthian empire of Iran, it flourished during the 1st and 2nd centuries BCE. Later on, the city became the capital of possibly the first Arab Kingdom in the chain of Arab cities running from Hatra, in the northeast, via Palmyra, Baalbek and Petra, in the southwest.
Viking History (Denmark). 'The Vikings were not just plunderers but successful traders, extraordinary mariners and insatiable explorers. Getting a feel for the Viking era is easy, whether visiting the ship-burial ground of Ladby, the Viking forts of Zealand, the longship workshops at Roskilde or the museums that seek to re-create the era with live re-enactments.' http://www.lonelyplanet.com/denmark
Beautiful stone. Neolithic Quern Stone - Quern-stones are stone tools for hand grinding a wide variety of materials. They were used in pairs. The lower, stationary, stone is called a quern, while the upper, mobile, stone is called a handstone. They were first used in the Neolithic to grind cereals into flour
Vikings (Sweden). 'There are still real, live Vikings, and you can visit them at one of Sweden’s most absorbing attractions. An evocative ‘living’ reconstruction of a late–Viking Age village, Foteviken Viking Reserve was built on the coast near the site of the Battle of Foteviken. You can tour all of these, check out the great meeting hall, see a war catapult and buy Viking-made handicrafts.' http://www.lonelyplanet.com/sweden/skane/sights/historic-site/foteviken-viking-reserve
1900s vintage photo of one of the Colossi of Memnon (known to locals as el-Colossat, or es-Salamat) massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For 3,400 years they have sat in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the city of Luxor. Egypt
Portrait head of the Roman Emperor Constantine I - In 330 A.D., the first Christian ruler of the Roman empire, Constantine the Great (r. 306–337), transferred the ancient imperial capital from Rome to the city of 'Byzantion' located on the easternmost territory of the European continent, at a major intersection of east-west trade. The emperor renamed this ancient port city Constantinople.