Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.
Empress Matilda was the sole surviving heir of King Henry I. Matilda married Henry V Holy Roman Emperor but had no children & after eleven years of marriage Henry died. She then married Geoffrey V Count of Anjou. They had three sons, the eldest of whom eventually became King Henry II. Upon the death of her father in 1135 the throne was usurped by her cousin Stephen of Blois who claimed the throne whilst Matilda was in Normandy pregnant with her third child.