Egyptian Mummy Portrait: Head of a Woman 130 - 160 AD Painting Long before realistic portrait painting developed in Europe in the Renaissance, Roman-Egyptian artists did striking likenesses in wax on limewood.
El Fallum century AD Fayum encaustic (wax, pigments, cloth, wood) of female at Walters Art Museum in Baltimore (Acc. By hair style, dated to Trajanic AD). Note emerald and pearl earrings and necklace. 17 h x 7 w x thick x x cm).