Ceramic vessel, Peru, Chimú Culture (1100-1400 CE): X-ray shows the complex interior structure of the pot: two chambers joined by hollow tubes with a hollow spout and the hollow construction of the two monkeys, each grasping the other's head, on top of the square chamber. Cracks in the handle covered in previous restorations are also visible.
In 2007 archaeologists discovered a 5500-year-old circular, sunken plaza at the Sechín Bajo complex in Casma, making it one of the oldest recognized structures in the Americas. It was hidden beneath a later structure. The plaza has lower levels that could be even older.
Northern Peru's pottery traditions focus on three-dimensionality, the vessels often modeled into a variety of volumetric forms depicting human figures, fruits, or vegetables and even architecture. The coastal Moche and their highland Recuay neighbors were masters of the modeled form, having explored and perfected this tradition whose origins reach back as much as a thousand years among cultures of the Early Horizon (900 -200 BCE