However, the requirements of court dress kept alive the textile and embroidery industries of the 18th century. The embroidery for the coat and waistcoat were done first, in the areas where it was required for the finished garment. Although made of different fabrics the coat and waistcoat share the same embroidery design. They would have been sold together by a silk mercer, then taken to the tailor to be made to fit the purchaser.
1840-60 Detail of Footman's Livery Uniform, European. Distinctive livery was a feature of male servant's dress in aristocratic households for two centuries from the Restoration of Charles ll in 1660. This livery outfit with its bold yellow colouring for the breeches and waistcoat, dates from the middle of the nineteenth century and still shows features of eighteenth century dress including the style of the coat, and the breeches. manchestergalleries.org
Parlourmaid's uniform from 1933-1937 (item 1953.392/5 from the Manchester City Galleries). Traditional servant's uniforms were worn well beyond the First World War, up to the 1930s, although reliable staff became increasingly difficult to secure, as the lowly salaries, arduous work and personal restrictions were unpopular amongst people with new choices afforded by technology.
Men's dress coat, 1801-1828. Swallow tail coat, made of navy wool, facecloth with plush dark blue velvet collar. This coat is double brested, and with tails. The coat is combined in this image with breeches of beige colour. Museum of London.
DRESS COAT BEARING THE LIVERY OF THE KING OF FRANCE Circa1785 Dark blue wool fabric, red wool twill lining, linen oilcloth, braid, silk & linen trim. Palais Galliera, musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris
Livery Coat and Waistcoat 1810-1850; Britain; Wool broadcloth trimmed with wool livery lace, lined with wool and linen Some suits of livery were highly elaborate in appearance, despite the relatively low status of the wearer. The suits were intended to proclaim the wealth of the employer, not the employee.