Julia Tuttle: Miami, Florida (ca. 1890) A landowner and developer, Tuttle bought a square mile of land at the mouth of the Miami River, more than half of which she donated to induce others to settle there. She is credited with having prompted Henry M. Flagler to consider extending the Florida East Coast Railway to Miami. She was inducted into the Florida Women's Hall of Fame in 1984.
Vinnie Ream Hoxie In 1866, at the age of 18, Vinnie Ream was selected by the U.S. Congress to sculpt a memorial statue of President Abraham Lincoln. This made her the first female artist commissioned to create a work of art for the United States government. Ream would later create sculptures of Samuel Jordan Kirkwood and Sequoyah for the National Statuary Hall Collection.
THE ELECTORAL VOTE - "NOW LET US LOOK AT IT FROM ANOTHER POINT OF VIEW" ~ Contemporary American cartoon by Thomas Nast showing a perplexed Uncle Sam reading the Constitution upside down in an attempt to resolve the election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden, in which 20 disputed electoral votes were eventually awarded to Hayes. ~ Election Cartoon, 1876.
Great Railroad Strike of 1877 ~ In spring of 1877, a number of railroad companies decided, in a coordinated strategy, to decrease wages by 10% and increase stockholder dividends by 10%. Starting in Baltimore and spreading to the West coast, workers walked off the job, destroyed company property, and halted business on the lines. 100,000 workers were involved at the height of the strike. (Art: Burning of Union Depot, July 21-22, 1877, Pittsburgh, PA)