Palaeolithic hand axe beautifully designed with a fossil seashell at the centre. (from the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Cambridge) Via Iris T. Image by Irisharchaeology.ie via The Celtic Prehistoric Museum
Tjelvar’s Grave on Gotland Island, Sweden: A stone ship, like this one, was an early burial custom primarily in Scandanavia. Most are dated 1000 - 500 BCE. This particular grave is dated at 750 BCE. According to legend, Tjelvar was the mythical discoverer of Gotland.
Some 10,500 skeletons dating from the 12th to 16th centuries were uncovered by the archaeologists, including mass burial pits which had scientists baffled because the radiocarbon dating didn’t match known events in medieval England like the Black Death or Great Famine. Archaeologists who discovered thousands of skeletons in medieval mass graves in London’s East End believe many were the victims of a 13th Century volcanic eruption on the other side of the world.