Fayum mummy portraits, left, compared to the reconstructions made from the skulls of the people depicted. The male portrait c AD 80-100, female circa AD 55-70, both from Hawara, now in the British Museum. What is so wonderful is how the flat and stylised portrait suddenly leaps alive as a very just representation of the person beneath.
Leasowe ManThe Leasowe Man skull is the oldest skull found in Merseyside. The skull and remains were found under a peat bog by workers in 1864. Sir Edward Cust, the owner of Leasowe Castle donated the skull to the Royal College of Surgeons that same year. Radiocarbon dating places the age of the remains around the 4th century. Today the skull is in the care of the Natural History Museum in London
DNA researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, have determined an almost complete mitochondrial genome sequence of a 400,000-year-old representative of the genus Homo from Sima de los Huesos, a unique cave site in Northern Spain, and found that it is related to the mitochondrial genome of Denisovans, extinct relatives of Neanderthals in Asia. DNA this old has until recently been retrieved only from the permafrost.
OMUL DE NEANDERTHAL.The Neanderthals or Neandertals are an extinct species of human in the genus Homo, possibly a subspecies of Homo sapiens. They are very closely related to modern humans, differing in DNA by only 0.3%, which however is twice that of the widest DNA gap found among contemporary humans.
250 à 28.000 ans : Homo Neanderthalensis l'homme de Neanderthal L'homme de Neandertal est trapu, solide, certainement une force de la nature et bien que morphologiquement il ressemble à Sapiens, certaines différences existent. Les avant-bras sont de même taille que ses bras, sa cage thoracique est élargie, ses jambes sont plus courtes et son cerveau est plus petit que celui de Sapiens. Vivant sous des climats froids, ils portent des habits et ses narines et ses sinus sont plus grands pour…