Chinese Cultural Revolution 1966: Inspired by Mao, student radicals wanted to launch a revolution that would "negate the past 17 years" and "smash" the authority of old communists on the mainland. Radical Red Guards wanted to transform the People's Republic of China into the "People's Commune of China." Revolutionary upheaval would become a "permanent" way of life, and society would function without any institutionalized leadership.
Beheading, strangulation and starvation were all acceptable execution methods in 19th-century China. What’s more, even those not sentenced to death could endure days. A prisoner languishes in a small wooden crate. Notice his long fingers.
Chaing Kai-Shek (L) and Mao Tse-Tung (R) pose for an official photo in the WWII years when both shared the Japanese as a common enemy. After the defeat of Japan, the two men waged a civil war for control of China. Mao's Red Army pushed Chang's KMT out of mainland China to Taiwan.