A Jewish family in the sports complex on the Olympiaplein in Amsterdam, awaiting deportation to Westerbork concentration camp. June 20th 1943.
1942. Jews who were assigned to forced labor in national labor camps in the Netherlands on their way to the Amstel Station in Amsterdam. The national labor camps were originally established for unemployed Dutch laborers, but in 1942 they were also used to accommodate Jewish forced laborers. Photo Stadsarchief Amsterdam / Bart de Kok. #amsterdam #worldwar2 #1942 #AmstelStation
Jewish mothers and their children walk to the gas chambers at Birkenau. This was taken mid-1944, when the extermination process had been ramped up to full speed. Did these people know that death waited at the end of their walk? By 1944, the adults, at least, must have known. Even had they heard no rumors, the air itself must have been thick with the stink of burning flesh.
1945. Women searching for coal near Het IJ in Amsterdam. During the hongerwinter in Amsterdam there’s was no petrol, no electricity and very little food. There were 40,000 malnourished children in the big cities, including Amsterdam, during the hongerwinter. More than 20,000 people lost their lives in Amsterdam and the western part of the Netherlands during the winter of 1944-1945. Photo Nederlands Fotomuseum / Charles Breijer. #amsterdam #worldwar2
1944 - 1945. View of a broken up street in Amsterdam during the Hunger Winter. During the Winter of 1944-1945 Dutch rail workers went on strike to stop the Germans, who then punished them by putting a hold on all maritime transport. This cut off all food and fuel delivery. More than 20,000 people lost their lives in Amsterdam and the western part of the Netherlands during the winter of 1944-1945. #amsterdam #wordwar2 #hongerwinter