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Heerlen, tombstone of Marcus Julius soldier of V Alaudae (CIL 13.8711) 9 CE–69 CE Leiden, Rijksmuseum voor Oudheden

Adrian Murdoch on

Equipment of the Herculaneum soldier, died in the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE. Belt fittings, pugio, gladius of Pompeii type etc.

Fragments of the frieze from the Basilica Aemilia in the Forum Romanum depicting two soldiers in crested helmets 1st century BCE-1st century CE (2)

Fragmentary marble head of a helmeted soldier Date: ca. A.D. 69–79. (MET) The Romans devised two new forms of public monument to celebrate their military victories—the triumphal arch and the column. The latter are only found in Rome itself (and later in Constantinople, the New Rome), but triumphal arches were built in many cities throughout Italy and the provinces. They were often decorated with reliefs depicting Roman troops in various activities. This fragment may come from one such…

Relief of three legionaries from Croy Hill on the Antonine Wall. Perhaps a fragment of a gravestone, the soldiers are equipped with flat-tanged heavy pila (javelins), cylindrical scuta (shields) and helmets. The carving on the shoulder of the righthand figure may represent lorica segmentata, or it may simply be the folds of clothing. All three figures wear the paenula cloak. In the National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.

The Roman Crosby Garrett Helmet dates from the late 1st-2nd Century A.D. and is one of only three comparable examples ever to have been discovered in the United Kingdom complete with face-mask in the last 250 years.

Burial of a Thracian auxiliary soldier (Eftatralis?) from Kara Agach/Bryastovets 11 | by diffendale. Bronze helmet (inv. no. 6176), bronze shield boss, bronze scales from a cuirass (so-called lorica squamata), and a bronze trefoil pitcher. The burial, attributed to a Roman auxiliary soldier (whether archer or cavalryman is debated), is dated to the late 1st c. CE. Not displayed: several other bronze vessels, a bronze lantern, and fragments of iron swords and spearheads from the burial.