As a form of work or punishment prisoners were made to turn the handle of a handcrank - a totally repetitive and meaningless exercise. Adults had to turn up to 14,480 revolutions a day (1,800 turns an hour) and juveniles 12,000 revolutions a day (1,500 turns an hour - about one turn every 2 1/2 seconds).
10 Most Frightening Torture Techniques from the Middle Ages
SERRA REMEMBERED Harvest time at 17C New World California mission built by Fra. Serra. Colored sand painting, St. Bernard Monastery Museum, Petra, Mallorca. Photo by: Dave Bartruff #californiamissions #connexiójuníper #conexiónjunípero #juníperoserra #juniper300 #ib3 Coming soon this fall on ib3tv.com
The 8 Most Painful Torture Devices Of The Middle Ages
Similar to the wooden horse, the Judas cradle was a pyramid shaped and sharpened device, on which a victim was lowered via ropes. As the victim was lowered, the device would slowly tear open their anus, vulva or scrotum. Though the device is often attributed to the Spanish Inquisition, there is evidence that it existed before this time as part of carnival sideshows.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa (1475-1519) Born in Spain; the Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific Ocean, 1513; in 1510, settled at Darien; installed as interim governor. Relying on reports from local Indians that another sea lay to the west, and that gold might be found near its southern shores, Balboa led an expedition of 190 Spaniards and 200 Indians on a grueling 25 day march through the jungles of the isthmus. On Sept. 25, 1513, he finally beheld the "South Sea" - the Pacific Ocean.
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado y Luján (1510 – 22 September 1554) was a Spanish conquistador, who visited New Mexico and other parts of what are now the southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542. Coronado had hoped to conquer the mythical Seven Cities of Gold.