The Father of Economics", Adam Smith (1723 – 1790) was a Scottish economist and philosopher. He was born in a small town, Kirkcaldy near Edinburgh in Scotland. His influential book "The Wealth of Nations" shows that private economy and the industry of individuals are the ones that creates the nation wealth. link:http://www2.hn.psu.edu/faculty/jmanis/adam-smith/wealth-nations.pdf
John F. Kennedy The 35th President of the United States. JFK presided over the Cuban Missile Crisis and established NASA to put America on the moon. His assassination was controversial and untimely. Date: 1961. Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt.
The first Woman Party was established in Turkey to seek equal political representation for women.
Josef Gabnik, a Czech resistance fighter and parachutist who participated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi governor of Bohemia and Moravia. Prague, Czechoslovakia, probably May 1942. — Czechoslovak News Agency