Elizabeth "Bessie" Coleman (January 26, 1892 – April 30, 1926) was an American civil aviator. She was the first female pilot of African American descent and the first person of African American descent to hold an international pilot license
"Born in 1892, the beautiful, tough, determined and incredibly inspirational, professional aviator Bessie "Queen Bess" Coleman was the first African American (in the world) to attain a pilot's license. At age 30, she was considered "the world's greatest woman flyer." Her tragic death at only 34 ended a fierce and brilliant career."