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ECONOMY This year, the border of Sudan and South Sudan opened. Six years after the Second Sudanese Civil War, South Sudan seceded, and the borders closed. In January, the borders opened after South Sudanese forces claimed three miles of disputed land on the border. President al-Bashir decided to cut transit fees on the oil from the South that passes through Sudanese territory by pipeline in the Red Sea, which made South Sudan retreat their troops.

South Sudan has split off from North Sudan because of civil wars This caused many people to move south..

Arts: This is a dance circle in Sudan. Music and dancing are a main part of Sudan's arts. The Islam religion influences most of their song and dance. Other arts in Sudan include, pottery, basketry, beaded jewerly, needlework, and leather work.

Eating: This is common dinner food in South Sudan. Most people eat two meals a day, but some of the more wealthier residents can afford three meals a day. Tea and bread are common breakfast foods in South Sudan. Also in South Sudan it is common that the father of the family is served before the others. Women and men often eat separate.

GOVERNMENT In this picture, president Salva Kiir of South Sudan is giving a speech. In South Sudan, the government has the same three branches as Sudan and the United States. In the legislative branch, there are two houses; the upper house, or the National Legislative Assembly, and the lower house, known as the Council of States. The upper house is directly elected like the Senate, but the lower house is appointed by the president.

ECONOMY Exportation in oil started in 1999, and there was an effect of a large number of foreign investment, so company income started to skyrocket. Although, when South Sudan broke off, the oil trade was in big trouble, because 75% of the country’s former oil fields we located in South Sudan. Fortunately, trade deals have been made in order for both countries to benefit from oil production. Because of all this oil production, though, agriculture and rural development was neglected.

The picture above shows what % of the South African population has HIV or AIDS in the different parts of the country. HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDS is an advanced stage of HIV. Out of the 34 million people worldwide with HIV, 24% of them live in subsaharan Africa. This effects South African's standard of living and total GDP because when people are sick, they can't work or work efficiently. This doesn't help a country to achieve economic growth. (Extra pin #3)