Saladin was the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria. He led Muslim opposition to the European Crusaders in the Levant. Under his personal leadership, his forces defeated the Crusaders at the Battle of Hattin, leading the way to his re-capture of Palestine. His noble and chivalrous behavior was noted by Christian chroniclers, despite being the nemesis of the Crusaders, he won the respect of many of them, including Richard the Lionheart.
The Shroud of Turin’s historical record dates back to 1349, when a French knight wrote to the pope of a possession he described as the burial shroud of Christ. The shroud is believed to show the image of Jesus imprinted on his burial cloth during his resurrection. The image was first reported in 1898. The shroud has been exhibited in the Turin Cathedral and the Catholic Church has never formally endorsed or rejected the cloth.It remains one of the most studied artifacts in human history.
Saladin led two expeditions against the Franks. The first, an invasion in force of Lower Galilee and a brief siege of the fortress at Bethsan, prompted King Baldwin IV to reassemble his army at Saffurya.
The Signet Of King Solomon - C Arnold https://ia601701.us.archive.org/BookReader/BookReaderImages.php?zip=/33/items/The_Signet_Of_King_Solomon_-_C_Arnold/The_Signet_Of_King_Solomon_-_C_Arnold_jp2.zip&file=The_Signet_Of_King_Solomon_-_C_Arnold_jp2/The_Signet_Of_King_Solomon_-_C_Arnold_0000.jp2&scale=4&rotate=0
Leaders of First Crusade - 19th-century illustration, "The four leaders of the First Crusade.--Godfrey, Raymond, Boemund, Tancred," drawn by A. de Neuville. This illustration depicts Godfrey of Buillon, Raymond IV of Toulouse, Bohemond I and Tancred of Hauteville. The four led the Christian army to victories at Jerusalem and Antioch during the First Crusade.