Photo of Kathleen Yardley Lonsdale - ... a profound influence on the development of X-ray crystallography and related fields in chemistry and physics. Very few have made so many important advances in so many different directions." Found the planar hexagonal structure of benzene.
Mary Agnes Chase (1869-1963), sitting at desk with specimens She specialized in the study of grasses and conducted extensive field work in South America. Chase joined the Department of Agriculture in 1903 as a botanical illustrator and became Scientific Assistant in Systematic Agrostology, 1907; Assistant Botanist, 1923; and Associate Botanist, 1925. In 1935, became Principal Botanist.
Physician Mary N. Crawford worked at the Serum Exchange of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, where, in 1962, she discovered that she was one of a few people in the world with the rare blood type Lu (a-b-) and that her blood might be donated to a patient in Great Britain.
In 1974, an all-female crew of scientists at NASA: Mary Johnston, Ann F. Whitaker, Carolyn S. Griner, and Doris Chandler. They were testing experiments for use on the space shuttle and space station. NASA on the Commons.
Helen Brooke Taussig (1898-1986) was an American cardiologist, working in Baltimore and Boston, who founded the field of pediatric cardiology. Notably, she is credited with developing the concept for a procedure that would extend the lives of children born with Tetrology of Fallot (also known as blue baby syndrome). This concept was applied in practice as a procedure known as the Blalock-Taussig shunt.
Marie Sklodowska Curie Marie Curie is considered the most famous of all women scientists. She was the only woman ever to win two Nobel Prizes. Prohibited from higher education in her native Poland (then controlled by Russia), she moved to Paris in 1891 and studied at the Sorbonne. In 1903 her discovery of radioactivity earned her the Nobel Prize in physics. In 1911, she won it for chemistry.