A Rail Road labourer, Phineas Gage (1823–1860) survived an accident in 1848 in which a long iron rod was blasted by explosive through his bonce, destroying his brain’s left frontal lobe. He thus became inadvertently the first recipient of the sort of lobotomies and leucotomies so widely beloved of 1950's psychiatrists. The injury transformed and brutalised his personality so profoundly that former friends saw him as “no longer Gage.” It had made a mild-mannered man into a thug.
Above we show a dramatic photo of Bull Chief, an Indian Warrior. It was made in 1908 by Edward S. The illustration documents this Indian in a head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front. He is wearing a buffalo headdress with horns.