Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Владимир Ильич Ленин), born 22 April 1870, died 21 January 1924. Russian Marxist revolutionary and politician who lead the Bolsheviks to revolution in 1917, and assumed leadership in the Soviet state from 1917 until his death in 1924. Creator of Marxism-Leninism, the pragmatic Russian political philosophy of Communism.
December 2, 1961 – Cold War: In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro announces he is a Marxist-Leninist, and that Cuba will adopt socialism. Che Guevara (left) and Castro, photographed by Alberto Korda in 196