Magdalenian culture. Reconstruction of a woman from the prehistoric Magdalenian culture. The Magdalenian people, a culture of early modern humans, lived in western Europe from 15,000 to 7000 years ago, during the Upper Paleolithic period. As well as evidence of fur clothing, excavations have found a wide range of carved bone, antler and ivory artefacts. Reconstruction by Elisabeth Daynes of the Daynes Studio, Paris, France.
A thigh bone from Spain is 400,000 years old, it is the oldest human genetic material, DNA, ever sequenced. It tells us Neanderthals and Denisovans shared a common ancestor but then diverged. Our ancestors interbred with both these extinct lineages. Neanderthal DNA makes up 1 to 4 percent of modern Eurasian genomes, and Denisovan DNA makes up 4 to 6 percent of modern New Guinean and Melanesian islands people.