What is “El Camino”? 3 El Camino de Santiago (de Compostela), otherwise known as The Way of St. James, is an ancient pilgrimage trail. It is meant to follow the footsteps of the Apostle St. James, who made the journey himself with nothing more than the clothes on his back. He preached Christianity in Spain, and eventually was martyred for his actions. After being put to death in Judea, his body was miraculously transported back to Compostela, where he was (and still is) buried and revered.