Black Nightshade Scientific Name(s): Solanum nigrum, Solanum ptychanthum, Solanum americanum Abundance: plentiful What: leaves, ripe berries How: berries raw, leaves cooked Where: yards, fields When: summer, early fall Nutritional Value: assorted vitamins, minerals Dangers: high concentrations of toxic alkaloids (solanine and others) found in green berries and smaller amounts in leaves. Cooking leaves reduces toxins to safe levels.
Bay Laurel Scientific name: Laurus nobilis & Persea borbonia var. borbonia Abundance: plentiful What: nuts, leaves How: roast nuts, used leaf as seasoning Where: woods, borders When: leaves all year, nuts in the fall Nutritional Value: Calcium, iron, other minerals, vitamins A, C, B6, folate. Other uses: nuts contain a mild stimulant Dangers: Looks similar to the very poisonous cherry laurel. The leaves of cherry laurel smell like cherry/cyanide and have toothed edges while bay laurel l