In 1562, Spanish chartmaker Diego Gutiérrez and Dutch engraver Hieronymous Cock made such an attempt. They visualized the New World in a massive six-paneled engraved map—the largest engraved map of America of its time. Published in Antwerp, Americae sive quarte orbis partis nova et exactissima, Latin for The Americas, or A New and Precise Description of the Fourth Part of the World, served as artwork, informational chart, and political document.
35.1559° N, 136.0599° E, Tonsai Fujita, Ezo Kokyo Yochi Zenzu, Tonsai Fujita Royo, Hashimoto Ransi Shukuzu, 1854. (Photo: The Library of Congress Geography and Map Division) These are symbols or icons that denote different entities on map, such as schools, churches, highways, restaurants, or airports. This map of the Ezo region of Japan (now Hokkaido), illustrated in 1854, has yellow circles along the coast line that mark cardinal directions.
Mercator's 1569 map of the world, the first to feature his famous projection. The Arctic inlet is on the bottom left.
A poster from c. 1917-1918 showing the losses inflicted on Allied shipping by German U-boats. (Photo: Courtesy Barron Maps) Germany’s Imperial Admiralty Staff created this no-nonsense map to publicize the extent of the U-Boat offensive launched against the Allies in 1917. For an extra dose of “Take that, Tommies,” Germany included a quote from Winston Churchill at bottom left in which the then British Munitions Minister mentions a forced reduction in the nation’s munitions manufacturing…