Bum-bardment of Gibraltar. A British cartoonist mocks the unsuccessful attempts by the French and Spanish to take Gibraltar. (Thomas Colley, 1782, British Museum) "'Gainst Elliot the French, & the Spaniards, Combin'd Are Throwing their Stink Pots you see from behind That the Garrison's Safe you must own is no Wonder For all that they do is but F--t--g at Thunder." c. Oct. 1782
One of the most fascinating coincidences in American History is that Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, the main architects of the document that gave birth to this new Nation, died on July 4, 1826, exactly 50 years to the day from the birth of the country they founded. It's also worth noting that in 1831 James Monroe, our Nation's 5th President, also died on the 4th of July.
John Paul Jones was a Scottish sailor and the United States' first well-known naval fighter in the American Revolutionary War. On September 23, 1779, Jones fought one of the bloodiest engagements in naval history. Jones struggled with the 44-gun Royal Navy frigate Serapis, and although his own vessel was burning and sinking, Jones would not accept the British demand for surrender, replying, “I have not yet begun to fight.” More than three hours later, Serapis surrendered.