In the northern reaches of the Misty Mountains lies Carn Dûm, the fortress of the Witch-king of Angmar. Bent upon the destruction of the Northern Kingdom, from this castle he sent his armies to destroy the Dunedain.
The great Dúnedain kingdom that lies west of Mordor and north of the Bay of Belfalas. Osgiliath on the Anduin served as the Gondorian capital until T.A. 1640, when the throne was moved to Minas Tirith. .