Documentary photography. Documentary photography is another application of photography. It is commonly used to document historic or important events such as War photography. Here is an example by Stephen Shames. This photograph is documenting the dramatic life style of a homeless child. (Documentary photos of the life in the Bronx.)
A fist raised in protest from behind the bars at Toms Prison, Manhattan, on 28 September, 1972. Legendary photojournalist Jean-Pierre Laffont captured the changing times of New York City, covering everything from free love to the grim and gritty '70s.