The Battle of Salamis (Ancient Greek: Ναυμαχία τῆς Σαλαμῖνος, Naumachia tēs Salaminos) was fought between an Alliance of Greek city-states and the Persian Empire in 480 BC, in the straits between the mainland and Salamis, an island in the Saronic Gulf near Athens. It marked the high-point of the second Persian invasion of Greece, which had begun that spring.
The great naval battle of Salamis was fought between the Greeks and Persians in 480 BCE in the narrow strait between Salamis and Attica. The Phoenicians made up an important part of the Persian navy. King Xerxes I of Persia had with him three loyal kings from the Phoenicians city-states: King Eshmunazar II of Sidon, son of high priestess of Astarte; King Mattan IV of Tyre, son of Hiram; and King Maharbaal of Arvad.
Artemisia I of Caria (Ancient Greek: Ἀρτεμισία; fl. 480 BC) was queen of Halicarnassus in about 480 BC. She fought for her overlord Xerxes I, King of Persia against the free Greek city states during the second Persian invasion of Greece. She personally commanded her contribution of five ships at the naval battle of Artemisium and in the naval Battle of Salamis in 480 BC.
Second Persian invasion of Greece Date 480 BC–479 BC Location Greece Result Decisive Greek victory Belligerents Greek city states including Athens and Sparta Persian Empire Commanders and leaders Themistocles Eurybiades Leonidas I † Pausanias Leotychides Xerxes I Mardonius † Hydarnes Artemisia I of Caria
Cimon, was an Athenian statesman and strategos in mid-5th century BC Greece, the son of Miltiades, the victor of the Battle of Marathon. Cimon played a key role in creating the powerful Athenian maritime empire following the failure of the Persian invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480-479 BC. Cimon became a celebrated military hero and was elevated to the rank of admiral after fighting in the Battle of Salamis.