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Gus Johnson , 90 years or more, was born a slave of Mrs. Betty Glover , in Marengo Co., Alabama, Most of his memories are of his later boyhood in Sunnyside, Texas. He lives in en unkempt, little lean-to house, in the north end of Beaumont, Texas. There is no furniture but a broken-down bed and an equally dilapidated trunk and stove. Gus spends most of his time in the yard, working in his vegetable garden.

Gus Johnson , 90 years or more, was born a slave of Mrs. Betty Glover , in Marengo Co., Alabama, Most of his memories are of his later boyhood in Sunnyside, Texas. He lives in en unkempt, little lean-to house, in the north end of Beaumont, Texas. There is no furniture but a broken-down bed and an equally dilapidated trunk and stove. Gus spends most of his time in the yard, working in his vegetable garden.

19C American Women: Ex-Slave Angie Garrett's Christmas Memories

19C American Women: Ex-Slave Angie Garrett's Christmas Memories

Hondo  On my arrival at the humble cottage of Bill and Ellen Thomas (which is the Old Slave Settlement, three miles north of Hondo, sec 810), the old darkies came to meet me and offered their best chair.

Hondo On my arrival at the humble cottage of Bill and Ellen Thomas (which is the Old Slave Settlement, three miles north of Hondo, sec 810), the old darkies came to meet me and offered their best chair.

It’s common knowledge that the end of the Civil War brought about the emancipation of thousands of slaves in the Southern states. A lesser known fact is that the tribes in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) owned approximately ten thousand of those slaves.

It’s common knowledge that the end of the Civil War brought about the emancipation of thousands of slaves in the Southern states. A lesser known fact is that the tribes in Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) owned approximately ten thousand of those slaves.

Del Rio  Owen W. Green , son of Frank and of Mary Ann Marks , was born in slavery at Bradly Co., Arkansas, June 26, 1859. His owners, the Hobley family, owned a large plantation and two or three thousand slaves. Jack Mobley, Green's young master, was killed in the Civil War, and Green became one of the "orphan chillen," When the Ku Klux Klan became active, the "orphan chillen" were taken to Little Rock, Ark. later on, Green moved to Dal Rio, Texas, where he now lives.

Del Rio Owen W. Green , son of Frank and of Mary Ann Marks , was born in slavery at Bradly Co., Arkansas, June 26, 1859. His owners, the Hobley family, owned a large plantation and two or three thousand slaves. Jack Mobley, Green's young master, was killed in the Civil War, and Green became one of the "orphan chillen," When the Ku Klux Klan became active, the "orphan chillen" were taken to Little Rock, Ark. later on, Green moved to Dal Rio, Texas, where he now lives.

WILL ADAMS, was born in 1857, a slave of Dave Cavin, in Harrison Co., Texas. He remained with the Cavins until 1885, then farmed for himself.  "I lives by myself now and they gives me $13.00 a month. I'd be proud to git it if it wasn't more'n a dollar, 'cause they ain't nothin' a old man can do no more."

WILL ADAMS, was born in 1857, a slave of Dave Cavin, in Harrison Co., Texas. He remained with the Cavins until 1885, then farmed for himself. "I lives by myself now and they gives me $13.00 a month. I'd be proud to git it if it wasn't more'n a dollar, 'cause they ain't nothin' a old man can do no more."

Louis Fowler , 84, was born a slave to Robert Beaver , in Macon Co., Georgia. Fowler did not take his father's name, but that of his stepfather, J. Fowler . After he was freed, Louis farmed for several years, then worked in packing plants in Fort Worth, Tex. He lives at 2706 Holland St., Fort Worth.

Louis Fowler , 84, was born a slave to Robert Beaver , in Macon Co., Georgia. Fowler did not take his father's name, but that of his stepfather, J. Fowler . After he was freed, Louis farmed for several years, then worked in packing plants in Fort Worth, Tex. He lives at 2706 Holland St., Fort Worth.

While quite a few African-Americans served in combat roles during the Civil War, the vast majority were relegated to mundane tasks such as  teamsters, cooks and servants. This 17year old Confederate Officer is attended by his man-servant who is not much older. He is reputed to have saved his master's life shortly before this image was taken.

While quite a few African-Americans served in combat roles during the Civil War, the vast majority were relegated to mundane tasks such as teamsters, cooks and servants. This 17year old Confederate Officer is attended by his man-servant who is not much older. He is reputed to have saved his master's life shortly before this image was taken.

Houston, John Barker , age 84, was born near Cincinnati, Ohio, the property of the Barker family, who moved to Missouri and later to Texas. He and his wife live in a neat cottage in Houston, Texas.

Houston, John Barker , age 84, was born near Cincinnati, Ohio, the property of the Barker family, who moved to Missouri and later to Texas. He and his wife live in a neat cottage in Houston, Texas.

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