Hirano Nagayasu (1559-1628) was a samurai warlord who served Toyotomi Hideyoshi during the Sengoku period (or Warring States period from mid-15th to early 17th century). Gonbei is his alias. He is known as one of the Seven Spears who fought well in the Battle of Shizugatake. This print shows a scene from the battle. He later allied with the Eastern Army in the Battle of Sekigahara, but could not participate in the main battle since he was serving Tokugawa Hidetada.
Bushido (The Way of the warrior), the samurai code of ethics, was formalized in writing in the sixteenth century and adhered to for some three hundred years. Bushido placed emphasis on certain chivalrous virtues such as loyalty, courage, and courtesy.
Exceção e não regra, certamente, mas existiram sim mulheres samurais. Treinadas para caso precisassem defender suas casas, principalmente defensoras de suas famílias nobres, eram essas mulheres quais geralmente agiam quando os pais ou maridos estavam distantes, quando não mortos.