The tailrace at the remains of Sutter's Mill, on the south fork of the American River in El Dorado County, California. The site is where James W. Marshall discovered gold on January 24, 1848, setting off the California Gold Rush that would attract 300,000 prospectors from around the world through 1855. Photo, 2012, by Carol M. Highsmith. The Jon B. Lovelace Collection of California Photographs in Carol M. Highsmith's America, Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division.
Johann August Sutter (February 15, 1803 – June 18, 1880) was a Swiss pioneer of California known for his association with the California Gold Rush by the discovery of gold by James W. Marshall and the mill making team at Sutter's Mill, and for establishing Sutter's Fort in the area that would eventually become Sacramento, the state's capital.