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Prostatic carcinoma ranks as the commonest malignant tumour in men and the second commonest cause of cancer related deaths in men 6. Prostatic adenocarcinoma is by far the commonest histological type.Pathologic specimens are graded using the Gleason scale, which is the sum of the most prevalent and second most prevalent types of dysplasia, each on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the most dysplastic.    Read more: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/prostatic-carcinoma-1

Prostatic carcinoma ranks as the commonest malignant tumour in men and the second commonest cause of cancer related deaths in men 6. Prostatic adenocarcinoma is by far the commonest histological type.Pathologic specimens are graded using the Gleason scale, which is the sum of the most prevalent and second most prevalent types of dysplasia, each on a scale of 1 to 5, with 5 being the most dysplastic. Read more: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/prostatic-carcinoma-1

A bifid ureter is formed when there is a duplex kidney (separate pelvicalyceal collecting systems) drain into separate ureters, but the ureters unite before draining into the bladder at a single ureteric orifice.  http://radiopaedia.org/articles/bifid-ureter

A bifid ureter is formed when there is a duplex kidney (separate pelvicalyceal collecting systems) drain into separate ureters, but the ureters unite before draining into the bladder at a single ureteric orifice. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/bifid-ureter

Urinary diversion is created after a removal of the urinary bladder (radical cystectomy, usually done to treat invasive bladder cancer).  neobladder formed from a segment of ileum ("ileal conduit") the segment of ileum extends to an ostomy on the abdominal wall.  http://radiopaedia.org/articles/urinary-diversion

Urinary diversion is created after a removal of the urinary bladder (radical cystectomy, usually done to treat invasive bladder cancer). neobladder formed from a segment of ileum ("ileal conduit") the segment of ileum extends to an ostomy on the abdominal wall. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/urinary-diversion

A pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction can be one of the causes of an obstructive uropathy. It can be congenital or acquired with a congenital PUJ obstruction being one of the commonest causes of antenatal hydronephrosis.    Scintigraphy can quantitate the degree of obstruction    99mTc diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) : to be added  99mTc MAG3  : to be added    Read more: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/pelviureteric-junction-obstruction

A pelvi-ureteric junction (PUJ) obstruction can be one of the causes of an obstructive uropathy. It can be congenital or acquired with a congenital PUJ obstruction being one of the commonest causes of antenatal hydronephrosis. Scintigraphy can quantitate the degree of obstruction 99mTc diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) : to be added 99mTc MAG3 : to be added Read more: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/pelviureteric-junction-obstruction

Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), also called urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC), is the most common primary malignancy of the urinary tract and may be found along its entire length, from renal pelvis to bladder.   http://radiopaedia.org/articles/transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-tract

Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), also called urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC), is the most common primary malignancy of the urinary tract and may be found along its entire length, from renal pelvis to bladder. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-tract

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a heterogenous group of vascular lesions characterised by a non-inflammatory, non-atherosclerotic angiopathy of medium-sized arteries.    Arterial imaging with CT angiography, MR angiography and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) may be used to visualise the lesions in FMD. The characteristic finding is alternating stenoses and dilatations, causing a string of beads appearance.    Read more: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/fibromuscular-dysplasia-1

Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) is a heterogenous group of vascular lesions characterised by a non-inflammatory, non-atherosclerotic angiopathy of medium-sized arteries. Arterial imaging with CT angiography, MR angiography and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) may be used to visualise the lesions in FMD. The characteristic finding is alternating stenoses and dilatations, causing a string of beads appearance. Read more: http://radiopaedia.org/articles/fibromuscular-dysplasia-1

Crossed fused renal ectopia essentially refers to an anomaly where the kidneys are fused and located on the same side of the midline.  Left-to-right ectopy is thought to be three times more common.  http://radiopaedia.org/articles/cross-fused-renal-ectopia

Crossed fused renal ectopia essentially refers to an anomaly where the kidneys are fused and located on the same side of the midline. Left-to-right ectopy is thought to be three times more common. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/cross-fused-renal-ectopia

Following on from Matt Skalski's superb illustrations on vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), see the full spectrum on imaging on this fantastic case illustration kindly presented by Dr Dubbledam.  See: http://radiopaedia.org/cases/vesicoureteric-reflux-grade-i-to-v

Following on from Matt Skalski's superb illustrations on vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), see the full spectrum on imaging on this fantastic case illustration kindly presented by Dr Dubbledam. See: http://radiopaedia.org/cases/vesicoureteric-reflux-grade-i-to-v

A renal abscess, like any other abscess, is a collection of infective fluid at abuts the kidney. It is usually a sequelae of acute pyelonephritis.  An abscess appears as a well defined mass of low attenuation with a thick, irregular wall or pseudocapsule, which can be better seen on contrast enhanced scans. Gas within a low attenuation/cystic mass strongly suggests abscess formation.  http://radiopaedia.org/articles/renal-abscess

A renal abscess, like any other abscess, is a collection of infective fluid at abuts the kidney. It is usually a sequelae of acute pyelonephritis. An abscess appears as a well defined mass of low attenuation with a thick, irregular wall or pseudocapsule, which can be better seen on contrast enhanced scans. Gas within a low attenuation/cystic mass strongly suggests abscess formation. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/renal-abscess

Testicular trauma is the third most-common cause of acute scrotal pain and may result in various degree of damage to the testes.  http://radiopaedia.org/articles/testicular-trauma

Testicular trauma is the third most-common cause of acute scrotal pain and may result in various degree of damage to the testes. http://radiopaedia.org/articles/testicular-trauma

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