William Rowan Hamilton, born Aug. 4, 1805, Dublin. Linguistic & mathematical prodigy, physicist, astronomer, and mathematician, made important contributions to classical mechanics, optics, and algebra. Greatest contribution the reformulation of Newtonian mechanics, now called Hamiltonian mechanics, central to the modern study of classical field theories such as electromagnetism, and to the development of quantum mechanics. Inventor of quaternions.
Peggielene Bartels, A.K.A. King Peggy, is currently the King of Otuam, Ghana. She was chosen to be one of only three female kings in Ghana, and when she discovered that male chauvinists wanted her to only be a figurehead, she said: They were treating me like I am a second-class citizen because I am a woman. I said, Hell no, youre not going to do this to a woman!"