ELEANOR OF AQUITAINE served as queen of both France and England in the twelfth century, making her one of the most powerful women of the time. Eleanor and her court were also responsible for the development of courtly love, ideals and etiquette governing the courtship of knights and ladies, which became the accepted mode of behavior for the nobility throughout medieval Europe.
The Dinner Party @ the Brooklyn Museum. "I am trying to make art that relates to the deepest & most mythic concerns of human kind. I believe that, at this moment of history, feminism is humanism." ~ Judy Chicago
SAINT BRIDGET The lore of Bridget is particularly interesting because it demonstrates the adaptation of Celtic and Pagan beliefs to Christianity. Bridget is equated with her Pagan counterpart, Brigid, who was the Celtic goddess of poetry, healing, and metal arts. Christian hagiographers, or biographers, transformed one figure into the other by embellishing the details of Bridget's life and stressing her virginity and community-building qualities.
Natalie Barney (b. 1876, Dayton, Ohio; d. 1972, Paris, France) Natalie Barney was both a poet and a prose writer, who was famous for her weekly salons, which gathered together many of the twentieth century's greatest artists and writers from the Western world. She is celebrated for openly living and writing as a lesbian during a time when women's behavior was closely circumscribed.
MARY WOLLSTONECRAFT was a renowned women's rights activist who authored A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, 1792, a classic of rationalist feminism that is considered the earliest and most important treatise advocating equality for women. This essay is often seen as the foundation of modern women's rights movements in the Western world.
CAROLINE HERSCHEL was a pioneering female astronomer, and the first woman to discover a comet. Her achievements enabled generations of women to develop a career in the sciences, a field that was once exclusively reserved for men.