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Voided Velvet: The use of tuft or loop pile (or sometimes both) to form a pattern on a no-pile background, usually a satin weave. The example below is made up of a (tufted) pile-on-pile pattern on a voided background. (Landini) It: Veluto figurato Voided Velvet Silk Circa 1480 -1500 Italy

Pile On Pile Velvet (It: velluto alto-basso or soprariccio): A cut velvet with different heights of cut-pile which produce a pattern. Pile on Pile Velvet Silk Circa 1560-1580 Italy “With the use of rods of varying thicknesses, patterns can be created with different heights of pile; the pattern on the fabric becomes three-dimensional, like that of a bas-relief.” (Landini 1) “Worked velvet with a design created using differnt levels of fur.” (Tagliabue)

Panel of velvet Date: second half 15th century Culture: Italian Medium: Silk and metal-wrapped thread, pile-on-pile cut, voided and brocaded velvet with metal-wrapped thread loops Dimensions: Overall: H. 58 x W. 21 1/2in. (147.3 x 54.6cm); Framed: H. 63 x W. 26 x D. 3 in. (160 x 66 x 7.6 cm)

Silk velvet

Italy (probably, designed and made), 15th century (designed and made), Voided silk velvet, brocaded in gold

Textile Date: late 14th–early 15th century Geography: Made in, Venice (probably), Italy Culture: Italian Medium: Silk, metal thread; twill and twill; silk, gilt membrane on linen.