Labor Day (first Monday in September, 1882). Worker celebrations include rest, picnics & barbeques. Unofficially marks end of summer, beginning of football and beginning of school: Labor Day statement, President Roosevelt, 1942
Miner Boy: Children were cheap labor in the mines. This boy spent 10 hours a day in that outfit with only the light from that tallow wick lamp. He cleaned & played the part of a "canary" (kids were easier to replace than good miners). He was probably Finnish or Swedish & indentured to the company for the purpose of paying his fathers debts. The unions fought bloody battles to get these children out of the coal mines. This little guy worked (& likely died) in Utah or Colorado mines / Scott…
+~+~ Antique Photograph ~+~+ Four-year-old Mary shucks two pots of oysters a day at Dunbar. She also tends the baby when she's not working! The boss said that next year Mary will work steady as the rest of them. The mother is the fastest shucker in the place. Earns 1.50 a day. Works part of the time with her sick baby in her arms. Father works on the dock. Location: Dunbar, Louisiana. 1911
These women, marching on May 1, 1909 in New York, wear signs reading "Abolish Child Slavery" in English and Yiddish. Jewish workers in the US began forming unions [pdf] in the 1880s, and the Jewish labor movement experienced a turning point in the 1930s as Jewish workers turned away from Communism and began to respond to growing anti-Semitism worldwide.