5,000 year old Tarim Mummies - blonde-haired European-looking bodies, discovered in China in 1910. DNA evidence suggests that these Tarim basin people, the Tocharians, had a mixture of E. European and native Siberian blood, suggesting that some of the European men intermarried with local women. Early traders, working to link China and Europe as much as 2000 years before the founding of the Silk Road, some graves contain tartans and wooden boats used as coffins (in the middle of the desert).
BACTRIAN CAMEL is the only remaining Old World camel in the wild. It lives in the harsh arid plains along the border between China and Mongolia, and can withstand temperatures from minus 20°F to 100°F. Hunting and competition with grazing domestic species have led to a drastic decline in Bactrian camel populations. There are currently fewer than 2,000 animals in the wild.