Common core. Aus doesn't have these, but with the National Standards coming, and visible learning being on the forefront, this is a fantastic idea to let kids and parents know what is being taught and to set goals for learning.
This is a great resource for learning more about instruction and the Common Core including videos from experts who describe what is meant by close reading, what makes text challenging, and word study and vocabulary.
What Everyone Needs to Know About the Common Core State Standards - Well, this is a very cheerful graphic about Common Core. One "interesting" point about what teachers can do to get ready is "Learn to love Data"...seriously?