The Battle of Towton was fought during the Wars of the Roses on 29 March 1461, in Yorkshire. It was the "largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil". More than 50,000 soldiers from the Houses of York and Lancaster fought for hours in a snowstorm, which was Palm Sunday. A newsletter reported that 28,000. The engagement brought about a change in England—Edward IV displaced Henry VI as King of England, driving the head of the Lancastrians and his key supporters out of the country.
Elizabeth Woodville was Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Edward IV. She was born c. 1437 and died 8 June She had 10 children by King Edward IV. Edward's love for his wife is celebrated in sonnet 75 of Philip Sidney's Astrophel and Stella.
Micklegate Bar (in York) is probably the most important Bar being the gateway to the south. The Bar was therefore the natural location for the city dignitaries to greet visiting royalty but it was also the principal gate for displaying the heads of traitors! York, England