The Battle of Towton was fought during the Wars of the Roses on 29 March 1461, in Yorkshire. It was the "largest and bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil". More than 50,000 soldiers from the Houses of York and Lancaster fought for hours in a snowstorm, which was Palm Sunday. A newsletter reported that 28,000. The engagement brought about a change in England—Edward IV displaced Henry VI as King of England, driving the head of the Lancastrians and his key supporters out of the country.
The Wars of the Roses were a series of civil wars fought from 1455 to 1487. The name Wars of the Roses is based on the badges used by the two sides, the red rose for the Lancastrians and the white rose for the Yorkists. Major causes of the conflict include: 1) both houses were direct descendents of king Edward III; 2) the ruling Lancastrian king, Henry VI, surrounded himself with unpopular nobles; and 3) the untimely episodes of mental illness by Henry VI