Trees for small gardens: Fagus sylvatica Atropurpurea Group, copper beech, is a large tree, but it can be pleached to provide a screen. Tie in young stems to form a framework, then trim annually. Photo by Sarah Cuttle.
Pleached Hornbeam trees - Pleaching is the weaving branches of multiple trees together for privacy, wind & sound block. Best trees for pleaching are Lindens, Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), Beech, Apple, Pear, Hawthorn, & Carob. The American Hornbeam (Carpinus Caroliniana) is hardy and holds some of it's leaves during winter to provide a privacy screen year round. Because each tree is trained to have a single stem, there is space below a pleached hedge for other plantings (a hedge on stilts!)
Carpinus betulus ‘Frans Fontaine’ - Columnar Hornbeam - When young, the cultivar ‘Fran Fontaine’ is similar to ‘Fastigiata’ but was selected for its ability to retain its sleek, columnar form into maturity. Long-lived even in tough locations, it matures at 40 to 50 feet tall but spreads only about 20 feet. In ten years it seldom spreads more than 6 to 8 feet while reaching a height of 20 to 25 feet. A handsome tree, the summer foliage is a rich green becoming a gold yellow in autumn.