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Czech Republic ...the Czech Rep.became a member of the European Union in 2004, signed the Lisbon treaty in 2007 and ratified it in 2009 as the last EU member

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lisbon

The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement which amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU). The Treaty of Lisbon was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009. It amends the Maastricht Treaty (1993), which also is known as the Treaty on European Union, and the Treaty of Rome (1958), which also is known as the Treaty establishing the European…

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New powers for the European Commission, European Parliament and European Court of Justice, for example in the field of justice and home affairs. The parliament will be on an equal footing with the Council - the grouping of member states' governments - for most legislation, including the budget and agriculture. This is called "co-decision". Removal of national vetoes in a number of areas, including fighting climate change, energy security and emergency aid. Unanimity will still be required in…

The European Court of Justice and external relations law : constitutional challenges / edited by Marise Cremona and Anne Thies. This volume appraises the role, self-perception, reasoning, and impact of the European Court of Justice on the development of EU external relations law. Against the background of the recent recasting of the EU treaties by the Treaty of Lisbon - and at a time when questions arise over the character of the

The Treaty of Lisbon was signed December 13 2009. This treaty is ultimately why the Mare Nostrum was met with such difficulties from the EU, as the treaty changed the field in a multitude of ways in relation to foreign affairs and military professionals. The Treaty of Lisbon paved the way in the creation of various European groups such as EEAS, FoP, and EDA. The treaty ultimately seeks to promote transparency in relation to foreign affairs as well as militarily issues. Unfortunately, Mare…