The Sistine Chapel - It was Pope Paul III who asked Michelangelo to decorate the wall behind the altar with a fresco showing the Last Judgment: the moment when God judges man. Previously, in the 15th century, Pietro Perugino had decorated the wall with an altarpiece & 2 frescoes. They were related in subject matter to the side walls showing episodes from the lives of Moses & Jesus. Michelangelo's fresco was inaugurated in 1541 after 5 years of painting.
The Last Judgment Italian: Il Giudizio Universale Artist: Michelangelo Year: 1536–1541 Type: Fresco Location: Sistine Chapel, Vatican City. [Michelangelo originally painted the figures nude with genitalia, but two decades later artist Daniele da Volterra painted over the genitalia. Later restoration removed most of the so-called "Fig-leaf Campaign" coverings.]