The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 22nd, 1862. Lincoln waited until after they had a decisive victory in the Civil War to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. This document was to allow everyone to be free, Abe wanted to end slavery because slaves and farmers could fight in the Civil War. Another reason that it was passed was because Lincoln wanted to keep Britain and France from forming an alliance with the South. This was signed on January 1st, 1863.