Autistic Spectrum Disorder is a developmental disability where there is a triad of impairments; social communication, social interaction and social imagination. Autism is called a spectrum as, although all individuals will suffer from difficulties in three main areas, their condition will affect them in very different ways. No two people with ASD will have the same difficulties. Asperger’s Syndrome is on the Autistic Spectrum.
Children who are easily distracted, sensitive to light, and oversensitive to normal touching could be hypersensitive. This infographic from a child behavioral issues center in Cincinnati has more information on sensory disorders and their symptoms.