Oymyakon in Russia is one of the coldest places on the planet. It has an extreme subarctic climate that on February 6, 1933, dropped to a temperature of −67.7 °C (−90 °F) making it a candidate for the Northern Pole of Cold (coldest place on earth). The 500 people who live there “enjoy” days ranging from from 3 hours in December to 21 hours in June thanks to its northerly position. Quite bluntly, this place is brutal. Only a certain type of person can live in a place like this: Russian.
The Arctic tundra supports a variety of animal species, including Arctic foxes, polar bears, gray wolves, caribou, snow geese and musk-oxen. Until recently, the tundra acted as a carbon sink and captured huge amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere as part of photosynthesis. Today, however, as the permafrost melts and dead plant material decomposes and releases CO2, the tundra has flipped from a carbon sink to a carbon contributor.
Tromso – Your Next Favorite Winter Destination, Norway Tromso drops into a subarctic climate zone, which experiences cold winters and short mild summers. The Polar Night takes over from 21 November to 21 January. Aurora is visible from August to late April.