The junior section of the Sturmabteilung (SA or storm troopers) was formed in 1922 for the education of Germany's youth in the principles of National Socialism. By 1926 the Hitler-Jugend (HJ or Hitler Youth) organisation had appeared. Six years later it became a separate organisation into which all existing youth organisations such as the Boy Scouts were absorbed.
Viktor Lutze was the commander of the Sturmabteilung ("SA") succeeding Ernst Röhm as Stabschef. He died from injuries received in an automobile accident. Goebbels, in his diaries, had already described Lutze as a man of "unlimited stupidity" but at his death decided he was a decent fellow. Lutze was given an elaborate state funeral in Berlin on May 7, 1943.